A History of Cisco, Utah…by Herm Hoops

Cisco, Utah is literally in the middle of nowhere. Off of I70, northeast of Moab and east of anything, it once was a bustling community. The decaying structures, and plenty of old vehicles and other rusting wreckage, are left deserted in the lonely and vast desert. These relics are reminders of the former inhabitants and a once bustling little town.

Cisco was founded in the 1880s as a watering and service stop for the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad (now Union Pacific) that drew water from where the rafts take out on the Colorado River. Besides the water tank for the locomotives, some section buildings and a railroad station the town had a saloon and houses for railroad employees. In the days before diesel locomotives, steam engines had to stop to refill with water in order to continue their journey thus many small towns like Cisco were erected along the rail lines.

Soon cattle and sheep ranchers from the nearby Book Cliffs, began to use the railroad station and the town became important as a shipping center where livestock products, primarily wool, were transported to markets

One of the town’s booms happened in 1924, when natural gas and oil were found nearby. Although the supply lasted for short period of time, it gave an additional boost to the growth of the town and for a while Cisco became one of the largest producers of oil in the state of Utah. In the 1940s and 1950s, ordinary Americans discovered that cars opened adventures and they began taking on long distance road trips. This new way of life for the Americans, and interstate truck commerce brought more development to the more than 200 residents of Cisco. Restaurants, bars, and gas stations were opened in order to provide 24/7 service to the road travelers.

In the 1950s, when trains were modernized and steam engines were replaced by diesel motors, towns like Cisco lost their importance as a link to railroad transport because the trains no longer needed to stop there. But Cisco continued to thrive because of the road travelers, as well as the thousands of miners who came through the area in search of valuable metals, including uranium and vanadium.

The biggest hit for the town’s fragile economy happened in the 1970s during the construction of I-70. The main highway was built several miles away from Cisco and the number of the people who stopped there for a meal, a drink, or gas declined rapidly. For a short time, the Cisco Disco, ran by a rough woman named Ethyl, was a bar and dance club that drew weekend patrons from Grand Junction, it was a pretty wild place! Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, businesses closed down and its citizens moved out. The post office was closed in the 1990s and Cisco officially became a ghost town.

There are approximately one hundred buildings in various states. Most of them are in a bad and ruined condition but some of the houses are just as they were left when their owners moved out, with all of the furniture and items in them. The roofs of many buildings have collapsed and only a few of the houses are periodically inhabited. The town was vandalized over the years, so no trespassing signs are scattered around. A new oil and gas boom began in 2005 but Cisco only has a few residents. Many people think Cisco is the inspiration for Johnny Cash, who wrote a song about it and its gas station, named Cisco Clifton’s Fillin Station. Also many movies were filmed there, like Vanishing Point (1971), Thelma and Louise (1991) and Don’t Come Knocking (2005).

Cisco Clifton’s Fillin’ Station

Johnny Cash

Cisco Clifton had a fillin’ station

About a mile and a half from town

Most cars passed unless they were out of gas

So Cisco was always around

Regular gas was all that it sold

Except tobacco matches and oil

Other than that he fixed lots of flats

Keepin’ Cisco rough hands soiled

He’d wipe the gas and check the air

In a hundred times a day

He patiently gave directions

On how to get to the state highway

Usually he’d give ’em water

Or a tyre or two some air

And once a big black Cadillac

Spent seven dollars there

He’d give anybody anything they’d ask

And lend anything he had

His tools are tyres bumper jacks or wire

To the good ones or the bad

In wintertime there was a depot stove

And a table for a checker game

And every mornin’ at sunup

The same checker players came

So Cisco Clifton’s fillin’ station

Was always in the red

Personal loans were personally gone

But never a word was said

One mornin’ at eight, them checker players

Heard a big bulldozer roar like a freight

And Cisco said I hope my kids stay fed

When they build that Interstate

He’d managed to pay for property

Where his little fillin’ station sat

And friends still came for checker game

So Cisco settled for that

He wouldn’t say so but Cisco knew

That the Interstate was too much to fight

But to keep his will and to pay his bills

He did odd jobs at night

He still opened up at sunrise

And the checker game went on

The cars flew past on highest gas

And the neighbors had sold out and gone

If a car ever did go by he was lost

And if they stopped they were treated the same

So at Cisco Clifton’s fillin’ station

There’s a howdy and a checker game

The Cisco and Utah desert oil and gas field was discovered in 1924, and is one of the oldest oil fields in the state of Utah. (The others being the Ashley Valley Field about 6 miles east of Vernal off U.S.40 and Goodridge’s Mexican Hat oilfield) The Cisco field has been developed intermittently since then with the discovery of several small accumulations of oil. The field lies along a larger feature known as the Uncompahgre Uplift that is a boundary between Paradox Basin, the Uintah Basin and the Piceance Basin.

The field is actually a series of localized oil accumulations that produce from several different channel sands in the Mancos, Cedar Mountain, Dakota, Saltwash and Brushy Basin zones (Morgan, 1999 and 2001). Natural gas and Oil is produced from the Mancos, Cedar Mountain and Dakota formations, while the Brushy Basin and Saltwash production is mostly crude oil.

Cisco Springs Oil Field in relation to other fields in the area and along the Cottonwood Creek Anticline.

The productive reservoirs are either structurally controlled by Horst and Graben features or isolated stratigraphic traps related to either lithological or permeability pinch outs (Tedesco, 2013). The field is along to Cotton Creek Anticline (Morgan, 1999). The depth for production ranges from 900 to over 2,000 feet. The field straddles the I-70 highway between Moab and Grand Junction.

The oil gravity is 34–35 degree API while the natural gas is 1,100 BTU (1,200 kJ). The oil is both derived locally as in the Mancos, Cedar Mountain and Dakota sandstones from the adjacent Dakota shale. The oil in these reservoirs is typically a moderate to light green color. The oil found in the Saltwash and Brushy Basin reservoirs contain a heavier black oil that is Pennsylvanian in age and has migrated from the adjacent Paradox Basin.

All photos by Herm Hoops.

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3 comments for “A History of Cisco, Utah…by Herm Hoops

  1. Steve Moore
    August 3, 2018 at 8:33 pm

    In ’67, when I was eleven, Dad hitched the car to a single axle box trailer, loaded us four kids and mom, and took us on our first camping trip out west. For a month. Louisiana to Anaheim, Vancouver, Calgary, then south and homeward through the Rockies, hitting every N.P. along the way. A lot of memories and adventures, including Cisco. About five miles from town the right tire blew on the trailer, busting the rim. No spare, hot, evening coming on. Not much of a shoulder, the trailer was barely out of the traffic lane, and tilted severely. Jacking and digging we got the wheel off just before dark. All night trucks would barrel by, blowing the curtains straight out. I tried to sleep outside under the stars, but the skeeters were fierce. The next day we drove to the Cisco station, but they had no tire to fit. Drove on into G.J. but the tire store was closed on Saturday for some local holiday. The guy running the gas pumps agreed to sell dad a tire even though he wasn’t authorized to, but they had no rim. Back to Cisco Dad and the friendly fellow running the place rummaged through an old pile of rims there and found one that looked right. It wasn’t, so back to Cisco for another rim. By time we got the new tire on an old rusty rim hung on the axle it was dark, so another night perched on the roadside. Twelve years later I was back through there while an SCA volunteer in the Needles District, but it was even less of a town then in ’67, but I think the Disco was a thing.

  2. Doug Dalgleish
    August 4, 2018 at 12:54 pm

    Cisco was my home town. I was born in Frutia Co because it was the nearest hospital. Met and help alot of great people passing thru. Stepmom would drive me to Thompson where i waited to catch the bus to ride the rest of the way to Moab to go to school. Made a long day.

  3. Michael Ferguson
    August 29, 2018 at 2:47 pm

    1970 A bunch of long haired boatman pulled in to the Gas Station for fuel and find the where about’s of Westwater Canyon. The owners where really happy to see us but once the word Westwater was spoken he said I’m the deputy sheriff in this area. I cant let you head to the river and placed us under arrest until he called the Sheriff in Moab. He dialed him up and started talking saying “these guys are boatman from Dinosaur National Monument and want to run Westwater”. The sheriff wanted to talk to the leader so Butch Zigurs got on the phone and told him about our skills and equipment so the sheriff said he would allow it but dont get in any trouble because the fair was going on! Come to find out that some deer hunters tried to run the canyon and flipped in Skull and died.
    We remained friends even when I ran into the covered awning that shaded the gas pumps with the Ryder Truck we rented. Over the years the train left and so did the town.

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