For those of you who have been regular Zephyr readers for years, I don’t need to introduce Herb Ringer to you. Herb’s brilliant, historic photographs of the American West have been a regular feature in The Zephyr for almost as long as this publication has existed. And he was a dear friend.

Herb Ringer and Jim Stiles, 1994
Herb and me in 1994

I met Herb when I was a ranger at Arches in 1980 and our relationship grew over the next 20 years. Herb became family to me. He was born in New Jersey in 1913, but had traveled to Reno, Nevada in 1939 to seek a divorce. He instantly fell in love with the West and wanted to experience, as he put it, “the western life.” He returned to New Jersey, eventually brought both his parents back to Reno with him, and there they remained. His father passed away in 1963, his mother in 1972. 

The Ringers spent every spare moment of their lives exploring the American West, and Herb, an extraordinary amateur photographer, documented those journeys until his own passing in December 1998. 

In the late 80s, Herb started giving me his photograph collection. In the beginning he shot only black and white film, but after World War II ended, Herb was one of the first to embrace Kodachrome color transparency film. Seventy five years later, those images are as vibrant and rich as they were the day the film was developed. Eventually, his collection of 35 mm and 2.25 transparencies numbered in the thousands. 

Herb Ringer with his Winchester Rifle Near Geiger Grade, Nevada. 1941
Herb Ringer near Geiger Grade, Nevada. 1941

In addition, Herb kept meticulous diaries and records of his trips. His library of books on the history of the West’s most scenic landmarks is stunning. Herb saved everything. His legacy to us is his extraordinary talents as a photographer and his love of history. His trust in me to preserve his life’s work is one of the greatest gifts ever bestowed on me.

For a while, Tonya and I have wanted to return to his beloved Nevada, and other places in the West that were cherished and revered by Herb. We wanted to take his photographs and memories with us, first to pay tribute to him but also to see what has changed–and what has survived–from the time Herb first arrived in Reno, in the fall of 1939.

More specifically, we wanted to use his images as a guide to find the precise location where he first took aim with his camera and recreate the scene, standing in his shoes as it were. The results have been interesting–sometimes amazing, and sometimes heartbreaking. 

In this first part of our trip West, we revisited Austin, Nevada along US 50, then his last home of 25 years in Fallon, Nevada. We detoured to nearby Virginia City, where Herb first photographed the old mining town in 1941. And lastly, to Reno, where he and his parents worked and lived from 1939 to 1973.


Herb first passed through Austin on his first trip west, on his way to Reno to secure a divorce. In 1939, the road was a narrow, two lane road, though most of it, even then, was paved. Herb said he averaged about 50 mph on a good day. His finances were limited and he watched every penny and he often slept in his car during the journey to Nevada. His records of those early trips are meticulous. 

This Main Street image of Austin is looking east, after what appears to have been a significant snowfall. It was probably taken in the early months of 1942.

Austin NV 1942


Austin was our first photo-re-shoot stop and it was easy to find the precise location of Herb’s 1940 photo.Note the buildings on the left side of Main. Most of them are still there almost 80 years later.

Austin Nevada Present Day. Photo by Jim Stiles


A hundred miles west of Austin is Fallon, Nevada. In 1972, Herb’s mother, Sadie Ringer, died of a stroke at age 92. His father had died of cancer a decade earlier and now, at age 60, Herb found himself alone for the first time. 

In 1954, Herb and his parents had purchased what at the time was one of the largest house trailers in the United States (more on Herb’s “Smoker” trailer in a minute). For almost 20 years, they had rented a space in Reno, not far from downtown. But after Sadie’s death, Herb decided to leave Reno. He had the Smoker re-located to a small trailer park in Fallon, 60 miles east of Reno. It was there that Herb spent his last 25 years.

He had always liked the slower pace that Fallon offered and Herb took this photo of Main Street in 1944…

Fallon, NV. 1940s. Photo by Herb Ringer

AND IN 2019…

Again it was easy to find Herb’s precise 1944 photo location. Many of the original buildings were still standing 75 years later, including the Fallon theater, which even used the same neon marquee sign.

Modern Day Fallon, NV. photo by Jim Stiles


I had worried that the trailer park where Herb lived in Fallon for so many years might be gone now. As real estate prices continue to soar, trailer parks like this have become targets for land developers, and landlords often can’t resist the temptation to sell out. Herb’s little trailer home was tucked away in a shady grove of trees just a block behind the Stockman’s Casino on US 50, now the ‘main drag’ through town.

Here’s a photograph I shot of Herb’s Smoker, back in 1994.

Exterior of Herb's Trailer. 1994. photo by Jim Stiles

But…we were pleased to find the trailer park still there, AND Herb’s trailer. The new owner had given it a new coat of fresh white paint, but 65 years after the Ringers first bought it, Herb’s Smoker is still home to someone. And the shade tree has survived as well.

Herb's Trailer in 2019. Photo by Jim Stiles
Herb’s Smoker in 2019


According to Herb’s 1940 “Guide to Nevada,” published by the Works Progress Administration (WPA), Virginia City was already a ghost of what it had once been. From its boom days in the 1870s, the city’s population had shrunk to 948 in the 1940 census. “Only a few houses are left from the bonanza days,” it notes. “Yet enough still cling to A and B streets to vivify the days when Virginia ladies delicately shook their hands above their heads to render them properly white and bloodless before receiving guests.”

Herb took his parents to Virginia City not long after they joined him in Reno and took several black and white photographs of a mining town now in decline. Its ‘main street’ was and is C Street…

C Street in Virginia City. Photo by Herb RInger.

Almost 80 years later…

C Street in 2019. Photo by Jim Stiles

Herb’s mother and father stood in front of the Crystal bar on C Street, noted for its stunning crystal chandeliers.

Crystal Bar in Virginia City. Photo by Herb Ringer.
Joseph and Sadie Ringer. 1941
Crystal Bar in Virginia City, 2019. Now the Visitor's Center. Photo by Jim Stiles.
The Crystal Bar on C Street, now the Virginia City Visitor Center

In 1941, Herb photographed the spectacular chandeliers for which the bar was named, along with a couple of disinterested patrons. The WPA Guide noted even then that, “the fixtures are as suggestive of the past as are their formal displays. One in particular has awe-inspiring early lighting fixtures, lamps of red and green dripping with pendant prisms in tiers.”

Decades later, the chandeliers are as brilliant as ever. 

Interior Crystal Bar. 1941. Photo by Herb Ringer
The Crystal Bar. 1941
Interior Crystal Bar in 2019. Now the visitor's center. Photo by Jim Stiles
The Crystal Bar, now the Virginia City Visitor Center. October 2019


From Virginia City, it’s less than an hour’s drive down Geiger Grade to Reno. As we descended from the Summit, our view of Reno, ten miles distant, was drastically changed from the view Herb must have taken in when he first followed that same road.

2019 view from Geiger Pass road. Photo by Jim Stiles

Tonya and I were in search of several landmarks from Herb’s past as we rolled into Reno on its famous Virginia Street. Our first goal was to find the Midway Hotel. It was Herb’s first “home” when he came to Reno in late 1939. One of my most treasured Herb artifacts is his handwritten account of life at the Midway, as he waited for his divorce to be finalized. He called it: “Notes on Reno and Vicinity,” and it’s like a stream of consciousness accounting of day-to-day life there. Among his observations…

“Fight in hotel. Jimmie Driscoll and Jimmie Haas. 

Attend baptist Church. Woman faints.

Three people die from lethal gas from hotel room in Reno. Fumigation.

Tex Kennedy drunk in my room talking. Stole Jimmy Driscoll’s clothes in exchange for debt J.D. owed. Later threatened to knife McC…

Mrs. Ryan relieved him of knife.  Wanted me to go to Mexico with him. Work on an engineering project or ranch.”

Midway Hotel. 1939. Photo by Herb Ringer.

Click Here for more ‘Notes on Reno and Vicinity’…

We set out in search of the Midway with a scanned image of Herb’s 1939 photo, but I couldn’t remember the information that Herb had included on the back of the snapshot. I was under the impression that the Midway was on Virginia St, but we couldn’t find any telltale landmarks. When we got home, and retrieved the original photograph, I discovered I was off by four streets. The Midway was on 4th Street just north of downtown. 

A quick Google Street view showed us the Midway’s precise location, except, sadly, we realized that it had been torn down. Note the building to the right of the Midway in Herb’s photo and the still surviving structure in this Google view. The Midway is no more. But thanks to Herb, its rich history survives.

Google Street image of 4th Street, Reno. Former location of Midway Hotel.

Our next destination was the “Old Orchard” trailer court, off Virginia Street. We had an address and these images:

Old Orchard Trailer Court Aerial View
Page from Joseph Ringer's journal describing their Smoker Trailer

But nothing remained of the Old Orchard Court. In 2019, a series of strip malls occupy the location of the Ringers’ longtime home. 

Former Site of Old Orchard Trailer Court. Reno, NV. Photo by Jim Stiles
Virginia St in Reno and the site of the “Old Orchard Trailer Court.”


As we headed toward the city center, it was obvious that Reno’s downtown area had been transformed over the decades. We found this remarkable telephoto image that Herb took in the late 1940s. The Riverside Hotel and the Courthouse have still survived the massive development, but from this distance it appeared that little else remained. The Mapes Hotel, the large building on the right that is so prominent in Herb’s image was abandoned in the 80s and torn down in 2002. It was the place to stay when Hollywood stars and performers came to Reno. During the filming of “The Misfits” in 1960, the movie’s lead actors—Clark Gable, Marilyn Monroe and Montgomery Clift— all occupied suites there.

Downtown Virginia Street. Photo by Herb Ringer.
Google view of downtown Virginia St Reno, NV.
A Google Street View of the same location.


Herb and his parents worked for years at the Washoe Market, later “Hansen’s.” But we had little hope of finding the original building. So much of downtown had been demolished. Harold’s Club was gone. The Mapes. Most of the smaller buildings had been razed over the years. 

But we knew that the Washoe was on Virginia Street and we had spotted a street number on Herb’s original photo. So we knew we’d be able to find the original location, whether the structure had survived or not.

And there it was. Most of the building was obscured by a hideously ugly facade, and it had become a “Discount Liquor and Cigarettes” store, but somehow, after all these decades, the Washoe Market building is still there.

Washoe Market. 1946. Photo by Herb Ringer
Washoe Market. 1946
Washoe Market location. 2019. photo by Jim Stiles
Washoe Market location. 2019


Reno’s iconic gateway sign confused us at first. We found what appeared to be the old sign but it was in the wrong location. A quick search told us that the original “Biggest Little City” sign had been taken down and placed in storage for years but had later been reassembled on an adjacent street.

The new bigger, grander Reno Arch was in its original location on Virginia Street. We had several Herb images of the arch, two taken at night and a third daytime black and white photo, that Herb had taken just east of the downtown area. Here is the daylight picture. If you look closely, you can see the Riverside Hotel in the distance beyond the sign. Harold’s Club is gone. As we walked east on Virginia Street we crossed over the railroad tracks, now beneath an overpass and running twenty feet below street level. That was the clue we needed to find the precise location of Herb’s picture. Note the railroad crossing sign; the tracks still crossed Virginia St. in 1944.

Reno Arch Sign with Harold's Club. Photo by Herb Ringer.
Virginia St and the Reno Arch in the distance. 1944
Reno Arch 2019. Photo by Jim Stiles
Same view. 2019.

This night view of Virginia Street was taken by Herb in the autumn of 1944. Note the banner above the street which reads, “Bunker for Congress.” It was a campaign banner for Democratic candidate Berkeley Bunker who was elected to Congress in November.

Night View of Virginia Street. Reno, NV. 1944. Photo by Herb Ringer.
Virginia Street. October 1944
Modern View of Virginia Street. Photo by Jim Stiles
Virginia Street. 75 years after the Berkeley Bunker campaign.

Finally, we made our way to the Truckee River and a scene Herb first shot in the early 1940s.

Reno Riverside. Photo by Herb Ringer.
The Truckee River at Reno. 1944

Note the island and gardens in the center of the river in this image. A massive flood in 1955 destroyed those gardens and attempts to restore it were abandoned. A new three span bridge at Virginia Street replaced the one seen in Herb’s earlier image.

Modern View of Truckee River. Photo by Jim Stiles.

NEXT TIME: We revisit Herb’s photographs at Beatty, Nevada and the ghost town of nearby Rhyolite…

Jim Stiles is Founder and Co-Publisher of the Canyon Country Zephyr.

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6 comments for “ON HERB RINGER’S TRAIL IN NEVADA: Volume 1… by Jim Stiles

  1. Francis Shepherd
    December 3, 2019 at 12:24 pm

    Jim, it was a great pleasure to meet you and Tonya here in Ireland.
    I really enjoyed reading about Herb Ringer, and
    recreating it all again in his footsteps.
    Very best

  2. Ron Skinner
    December 9, 2019 at 11:41 am

    Thanks Jim for the great story on Nevada. I was born (1950) and raised in Reno. Had no idea that once an island existed in the river just before the Virginia Street bridge. Met Mark Steen during High School and stayed in their home many times. I wish you could tour that house to understand the travesty the family endured when the I.R.S. intervened. I visited Charles twice at their home in Moab while serving as a Deputy Sheriff in Emery County in the late 70s, early 80s. I have experienced the old Utah and Nevada. It is plenty disheartening to travel those routes today. Really enjoy your story on the growth in Moab.
    Keep up the good work!

  3. pat lee
    December 11, 2019 at 9:46 am

    Wonderful wonderful photos and stories..cant at to read more.

  4. Will Mahoney
    December 23, 2019 at 8:01 pm

    Jim & Tonya,
    Nice job finding and photographing the locations of those Nevada photos by Herb Ringer. I would like to offer a small correction. You state that the photo by Herb of downtown Reno dates from the late 1940s. Sorry but it could not have been taken until the early 1950s. The car in the bottom left corner of the photo is a 1951 or 1952 Buick. Most of the other cars on the street appear to be from the late ’40s.

  5. Michael Martinez
    May 14, 2020 at 5:08 pm

    Loved the before and after pictures. I spent a lot of time in Reno going to school in the late sixties and early 70’s. You answered a lot of questions like whatever happened to the Mapes Hotel. Didn’t know it was demolished. I was raised in Ely, Nv. Hope you do a piece on Ely or other surrounding areas like Ruth and McGill. Good job!

  6. John Moore
    July 12, 2020 at 5:46 pm

    Jim and Tonya meticulously located and documented the locations of Ringer family campsites in Hope Valley.

    During their quest, did they wonder about: Who owned Hope Valley when the Ringer family camped there? Hope Valley is an outstanding example of a valley very promising for grazing, and most of the promising valleys, even remote valleys, were claimed by settlers. Isn’t it remarkable that this easily accessible splendid broad valley is so little changed from what the Ringer family saw in 1945? Has the ownership of Hope Valley changed since Herb and his parents camped there?

    The great potential for second home development in Hope Valley is obvious. Owners of second homes in Hope Valley could access many nearby attractions by short trips. The nearest resorts and outdoor recreation opportunities of the Lake Tahoe Basin are only 12 miles to the north. The Kirkwood Ski Area, developed in the 1970’s, is 13 miles to the west. Recreation in Hope Valley – for example hiking, fishing in the West Carson River, cross-country skiing – would also attract potential purchasers. Extensive second home development has occurred in the Lake Tahoe Basin and at the Kirkwood Ski Resort.

    When the Ringer family camped in Hope Valley, it was almost entirely owned by ranchers based in the Carson Valley, principally the Dressler and Dangberg families, pioneer residents who had used the Valley as summer pasture for their livestock for many decades. (August Dressler came to the Carson Valley in 1860; Christoph Dangberg came in 1853.) The families’ Hope Valley pastures were only a small part of both families’ extensive enterprises. By the early 1980’s, both families were considering exiting their relatively unprofitable livestock businesses.

    Fortunately, the Dresslers and the Dangbergs did not want Hope Valley, associated with their families’ long histories in the Carson Valley, to be developed. They agreed to options offered by the Trust for Public Land (TPL), which then had to find funding for the purchases. The fair market value of the Hope Valley lands, taking into account the second home development potential, was about $20 million.

    TPL needed broader support for its lobbying for LWCF funding. At that time Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) appropriations were relatively generous compared to later years, though much smaller than the $900 million annual authorization. Campaigns for LWCF funding to purchase crucial public land inholdings valuable for wildlife habitat, recreation, and wilderness were a priority for national environmental organizations because significant funding was available. In those years, the Wilderness Society annually collected and published a summary of detailed requests for LWCF appropriations by environmental organizations, and the appropriations were a priority for the Sierra Club’s Washington lobbyists. Many other environmental and civic organizations were active in the LWCF appropriations campaigns at that time.

    Local chapters of the Sierra Club campaigned for years to build public support, as did Friends of Hope Valley, a local environmental organization in Alpine County. The Planning and Conservation League, a California environmental organization, led a successful initiative campaign for state bond funding for land acquisition that supplemented the LWCF funding. The Alpine County Board of Supervisors supported the public acquisition of Hope Valley and other nearby private lands.

    The result? Seventy-four years after the Ringers first camped in Hope Valley, the Valley is almost entirely owned by federal and state agencies, Toiyabe National Forest and the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, and is not much changed from what they saw on their first visit. Highways have been significantly improved, and there are many more visits by the greatly increased populations in northern California and western Nevada. Jim and Tonya visited Hope Valley in October 2019, possibly the near the peak of Hope Valley’s renowned fall color, when visitors appreciating Hope Valley’s beauty are especially numerous.

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